Blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies are penetrating more and more into people's lives, including space technology and navigation technology. In 2021, we decided to set a course for the application of cryptography, blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies in space.

Our team will focus on building new space projects on blockchain technology.

Why did we decide to change our focus to blockchain?

  • Cryptocurrencies help companies raise capital from large numbers of private investors
  • Cryptocurrencies are not subject to regulation
  • Cryptocurrencies are as transparent as possible and data is owned by all users at the same time, not any particular company
  • Blockchain gives an unprecedented level of security
  • The ability to automatically increase the capital of the company using automatically crypto trading bots. You could find list best crypto trading bots in UK on famous blockchain journal

How cryptocurrencies and blockchain can help navigation

  • With blockchain, you can attract large amounts of computing power in literally minutes
  • Neural networks that are built on blockchain can be used to take clearer space images of fields, forests, minerals
Perhaps we will raise some funding with the next cryptocurrencies:

Blockchain and navigation - the new trend 2021-2025

Ethereum is the second most capitalized cryptocurrency. It is the one that leads the top, which includes the best cryptocurrencies for steaming. The project team has been working for a long period of time on converting the coin from the energy-consuming PoW to the more environmentally friendly PoS mining algorithm.

Cardano (ADA) - The Cardano project was launched by Ethereum co-founder Charles Hoskinson. Unlike ETH, ADA was immediately built on the basis of PoS. The cryptocurrency benefits from the first version of Ethereum's high transaction speed and the presence of a mechanism that allows Cardano investors to make money on stacking.

Polygon (MATIC) - Polygon is an attempt to scale ETH. The startup came in fourth place in BeInCrypto's ranking of the best cryptocurrencies for stacking.

Technically, the project is a second-tier protocol, which aims to unite all decentralized applications based on Ethereum. The developers of Polygon managed to reduce the cost of transactions between ETH blockchains and increase their level of security.

IOTA - A true innovation in the world of cryptocurrency. It offers a fundamentally new paradigm that can change everything. IOTA is also called "the cryptocurrency of the Internet of Things". It appeared five years ago, but has literally just become popular. As soon as it entered the exchange, it immediately broke into the Top 10 cryptocurrencies.

Monero - To recap, unlike bitcoin, Monero's issuance is not limited, but transactions take several times as much space as bitcoin. But that's not the interesting part. There are Russian ears sticking out. Overall, inexpensive transactions, good transfer speed, good mining

EOS is an evolution of the BitShares and Steemit currencies (which, by the way, were seriously criticized, which doesn't prevent BitShares from being close to the top 10 in terms of capitalization). It is based on a breakthrough technology that can be compared to the advent of blockchain. In theory, it could replace Ethereum or go into synergy with it.

In terms of technology, the project is better than Ethereum. Developers have created a new language, and now an operating system is being created on the EOS platform, on which it will already be possible to build individual applications.

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Invited Conference Speakers Minimize



Eric GakstatterGPS World & Geospatial Solutions - SBAS for non-aviation users . For full Bio please click here


David COMBY - 

French interministerial coordinator delegate for the GNSS programmes. For a full Bio please click here


Todd E. Humphreys (University of Texas, USA) - Spoofing and Mobile Phone Positioning. For a full Bio please click here



Rainer Horn (Managing Partner of SpaceTec Partners, Germany) -  For a full bio please click here


Satoshi Kogure, Mission Manager, QZSS, Japan. For full bio please click here

Jianguang Feng, China Satellite Navigation Office, China - BeDiou. For full bio please click here 


Victor Kosenko, First Deputy Director General, ISS RESHETNEV Corporation, The Russian Federation, - GLONASS - For a full Bio please click here


Sergey Revnivykh, Deputy Director of GLONASS Directorate, ISS RESHETNEV Corporation, The Russian Federation, - GLONASS - For a full Bio please click here



David A Turner, Deputy Director, Office of Space & Advanced Technology, Department of State, USA, - GPS - For a full Bio please click here

Dominic Hayes, Manager of the Galileo and EGNOS Signals and Frequencies - Galileo & EGNOS - For a full Bio please click here


Paul Williams, UK, is a Principal Development Engineer with the Research and Radionavigation Directorate of The General Lighthouse Authorities of the UK and Ireland in England - eLoran -  For a full Bio please click here


Elliot Duff is a principal research scientist with CSIRO’s Digital Productivity Flagship based in Brisbane - the Guardian Concept - For a full Bio please click here


US Space-Based Position, Navigation and Timing Advisory Board - Report by IGNSS President - October 2015 Minimize

US Space-Based Position, Navigation and Timing Advisory Board

Report on October 2015 Meeting by Matt Higgins, IGNSS President

In October 2015, I attended the most recent meeting of the US Position, Navigation and Timing Advisory Board in Boulder Colorado. The PNT Advisory Board is a Presidential committee that advises the U.S. Government on national and international PNT related issues and is currently convened by NASA.  I am one of the international members of the Board.

The official minutes of the meeting will be made available on the website in due course. In the meantime, the agenda & presentations from the October meeting are already available at:

Inside GNSS compiled a summary of the meeting in a story entitled “PNT Advisory Board Hears about GPS Economic Impact, ABC Study, and Space Service Volume.” See:

As outlined in that story, this was the first meeting under the new Chair John Stenbit. Inside GNSS have another story about John and the four other new members of the Board at:

Of the issues outlined in the Inside GNSS summary of the meeting, I think the work on the Adjacent Band Compatibility (ABC) Assessment by the US Department of Transportation is important for all GNSS users globally and especially for equipment and software developers. Karen Van Dyke’s presentation to the Board is well worth reading for its coverage of the ABC Assessment but also for useful information about the planned closure of many inland stations in the Nationwide DGPS Network. An important point for Australia to note is that the availability of the free-to-air US Space Based Augmentation System, WAAS and standardised SBAS capable chips in many GNSS devices is a key reason why use of the DGPS network has dropped off in recent years. Karen also gave a nice summary of studies into so-called “Complementary PNT”. eLoran continues to be a key technology for Complementary PNT and is of interest in the US as a possible backup to GPS. A major focus is as a backup for precise time transfer in critical infrastructure such as energy and financial networks. (See U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) Civil GPS/PNT Update by Karen Van Dyke).

In my opinion, the case for eLoran’s to be a backup for positioning is less strong; especially for precise positioning in agriculture, construction, mining and geospatial applications, where it cannot achieve the accuracy required. Those high precision applications account for more than half of the economic value of GPS documented in the study being overseen by the Board (See Irv Leveson’s update presentation on “The Economic Impact of GPS - Furthering the Analysis”).

The Board was spared me giving my usual report on Australian issues. Instead an update on latest developments in Australia’s National Positioning Infrastructure was presented by Grant Hausler from Geoscience Australia. We continue to be seen as sophisticated PNT users and Grant’s presentation was very well received. His outline of ACMA’s recent changes to the way GNSS spectrum is to be managed in Australia was of particular interest to the Board, given ongoing concerns with spectrum in the US. (See “International Update from Australia” by Grant Hausler)

The Australian presence at the Board was also bolstered by a presentation by Locata on recent testing by the US Naval Observatory’s of Locata’s precise time transfer capability. The USNO did precise time transfer through chains of Locatalites and demonstrated standard deviations of 51 picoseconds when using 2 nodes and rising to 198 picoseconds hopping across 5 nodes for the transfers. It is important to note that if Locata networks were established as a backup for precise time transfer (e.g. for communication or banking networks in urban areas) a by-product would be its value for precise positioning and potentially with indoor coverage. (See: “TimeLoc: A New Ultra-Precise Synchronization Technology” by Nunzio Gambale).

All of the presentations to the Board were very valuable but if I had to single out a few more to recommend to IGNSS members, they would be:

·  “GPS Interference Detection & Geolocation Technology” by Joe Rolli from Harris Corp;

·  “Multi-constellation Air and Sea Navigation Advanced Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (ARAIM)” by Per Enge;

·  “Reflections on the Ten Year Anniversary – Lessons Learned” by Tony Russo;

·  “Overcoming Obstacles in Creating a Harmonious Multi-GNSS World” Dave Turner’s summary of issues being tackled by the UN ICG and their relevance for the US Board;

·  “Benefits of Using Multi-GNSS for Mobile/Cellular Platforms” by Greg Turetzky;

·  “European Union Activities on GNSS Spectrum Protection” by Pieter De Smet and including some detailed studies of actual interference event in Europe;

·  “Project Overview of The Quasi-Zenith Satellite System” by Yoshiyuki Murai representing the recently established private sector operator of QZSS, known as QZS System Services Inc. (QSS).

Another feature of this Board meeting was that the Tenth Meeting of the UN International Committee on GNSS (ICG) was held immediately after the Board meeting in Boulder. That enabled a number of the international GNSS providers to also make presentations (some are mentioned above) and help broaden the thinking of the Board beyond its usual GPS focus.

I was able to stay for the first few days of ICG-10 but not for the conclusion, so detailed reporting on that meeting is not included here.  Even so, the ICG-10 Presentations, Joint Statement from the meeting, Summary of the Providers' Forum and Recommendations of the Working Groups are now available on the ICG Information Portal. See:

The next meeting of the US PNT Advisory Board will be in May or June 2016, in the Washington DC area.



IGNSS Society 2015 Symposium Best Peer Reviewed Paper Award Winner - Shenghong Li Minimize



IGNSS 2015 Symposium Best Peer Reviewed Paper Award Winner, Shenghong Li receiving his Award Plaque from IGNSS Board Member Alison Kealy at the IGNSS 2015 Symposium on the Gold Coast in July 2015

LEX Signal Australian Demonstration at IGNSS 2015 Minimize

LEX Signal Demonstration at IGNSS 2015


Conference delegates attending IGNSS 2015 will be able to participate in a live LEX signal demonstration.

Conference delegates who attended IGNSS2013  participated in the first LEX signal demonstration in Australia.

The LEX signal, being transmitted by the Japanese “Michibiki” satellite allows high accuracy positioning anytime, anywhere in Australia.


Kazuhiro and Yaka from JAXA testing for the first live LEX signal demo at IGNSS 2013

US Space-Based Position, Navigation and Timing Advisory Board - Report by IGNSS President Minimize

US Space-Based Position, Navigation and Timing Advisory Board

Report by Matt Higgins, IGNSS President

In December 2014, I attended the most recent meeting of the US Position, Navigation and Timing Advisory Board in Washington, D.C.  

The PNT Advisory Board is a Presidential committee that advises the U.S. Government on national and international PNT related issues and is currently convened by NASA.  

I am one of six international members of the Board.

The agenda & presentations from the December meeting are now available at:

The Advisory Board has two working groups, one on “Assured Availability” and another on “Economic Value of PNT”.

The work of the first working group is strongly aligned to the “Protect, Toughen and Augment” concept developed by the Board’s Acting Chair, Brad Parkinson.

Ron Hatch from John Deere, Co-Chairs the “Protect” sub-group and has written a nice summary of the meeting for GPS World, available at:

I will not duplicate the details of Ron’s report here but below I have fleshed out a few of the key issues from my perspective.

A feature of Ron’s report is the Board’s discussion of spectrum protection and the joint presentation by Paige Atkins from the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) and Ron Repasi from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).  

This led to a robust discussion about the need to not only protect the spectrum for GPS but to also protect other GNSS, which are not well catered for under present spectrum rules and procedures.

I Co-Chair, with Terry McGurn, the sub-group looking at the “Augment” issue, within the PTA framework.  

Our group also covers international interaction issues.  

As in many countries, the US is interested is how to mitigate potential vulnerabilities affecting GNSS and is therefore interested in non-GNSS technologies such as eLoran and Locata (an Australian invention).

Presentations on the work of each of the sub-groups are also available on the meeting web page.

The meeting also had a number of very good presentations on key PNT application areas.  

A highlight from my perspective was a presentation by Andrew Bach from Juniper Networks on the Role of GPS & Precision Timing in the Financial Services Sector.  

Andrew gave us a feel for the scope of the application by pointing out that the Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation (DTCC), which provides clearing and settlement services to the financial markets, handles more than $24 quadrillion dollars worth of trading per year.  

He also pointed out that that there are more than 20 such organisation globally or around 300 quadrillion dollars globally!

Competition between stock markets and banks along with new regulations are driving these companies towards needing to improve the precision of their timing of trades and to also move to an absolute time basis.  

The goal is micro-second synchronisation, which can only be delivered globally using GNSS.

Inside GNSS Magazine has since published a summary article that nicely complements Andrew’s Advisory Board Presentation (See: “Financial Networks Shifting to GPS-Stamped Precise Time” – at

The next meeting of the US PNT Advisory Board is scheduled for May and I am looking forward to being able to report on any hot issues from that meeting at our IGNSS Conference on the Gold Coast in July. 


GNSS Economic Benefit Reports Minimize


New Reports Available on the Economic Benefits of Precise Positioning to the Australian Economy

The Australian Government’s Space Coordination Office recently engaged ACIL Allen to prepare reports on the economic benefit of precise positioning to a number of different sectors across the Australian economy.

Those reports have now been completed and the IGNSS Society is very pleased to be able to make them available to the public.

The overview report and individual reports on specific sectors can be viewed and downloaded by clicking on the appropriate links below:- 


Economic Benefit General Overview










The IGNSS Society is a not for profit association incorporated in Queensland, Australia.

Our mission is to provide a member oriented, market driven association, achieving member satisfaction by providing the following:-

  • Seminars
  • Workshops
  • Conferences
  • Trade Exhibitions
  • Awards for excellence programs
  • Other services by member request

Areas of specific interest include space, air, land and marine applications.



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